| Because the prognosis for colorectal cancer is greatly improved with early diagnosis, prevention and proper screening for colorectal cancer is critical in reducing the number of people diagnosed with colorectal cancer and the number of deaths caused by the cancer. Identifying and proper screening of patients that are at an increased risk for colorectal cancer help prevent or detect colorectal cancer in an early stage. Taking steps to minimize ones risk for colorectal cancer is also important to prevent colorectal cancer.
The American Cancer Society recommends the following guidelines for nutrition and physical activity to help lower the risk of colorectal cancer:
Eat a variety of healthful foods, with an emphasis on plant sources.
Adopt a physically active lifestyle.
Maintain a healthful weight throughout life.
If you drink alcoholic beverages, limit consumption.
The American Cancer Society also recommends the following guidelines on screening and surveillance for the early detection of colorectal polyps and cancer for men and women at the age of 50:
People with an increased risk for colorectal cancer should begin screening before the age of 50. The following are considered to have an increased risk for colorectal cancer.
- Having a first-degree relative (parent, sibling or child) with colorectal cancer before the age of 60 or two first-degree relatives at any age;Having a hereditary condition (familial adenomatous polyposis);Personal history of polyps or colorectal cancer;
- Personal history of inflammatory bowel disease.
Other factors have been linked to a reduction in risk for colorectal cancer, which include the use of anti-inflammatory drugs and aspirin, estrogen therapy, and calcium and folic acid supplements.